BEIJING - Lately there seems to be a refreshing breeze blowing through China, which might even change the very essence of our “national conditions.”
What are these Chinese “national conditions” anyway? They are many things – each uniquely Chinese. For instance, our tradition of “official-orientated consciousness.”
We are accustomed to seeing large crowds at officials’ outings. The officials are always under umbrellas and sunshades, which are held for them in the rain or in the sun. They enjoy such status of power and responsibility that they have to be meticulously taken care of.
It is according to this precept that the Ningbo airport had to change its schedule recently, so that a plane carrying a “heavyweight” official could be the first in line for takeoff. And for the funeral procession of a Communist Party secretary in the eastern province of Anhui, there were road traffic restrictions to make sure that there was absolute order.
However, there are certain signs that the newly elected Politburo Standing Committee (the top leadership of China’s Communist Party) wants to change this. Taking a much more informal approach at a press conference, newly anointed party leader Xi Jinping started off by saying, “Sorry to have kept you waiting, friends of the press.”
Meanwhile, Li Keqiang, the First Vice-Premier, has decided that from now on during meeting, speakers would not be allowed to read from a script – a move to stem endless speeches. Wang Qishan, another Vice-Premier, prevented participants at a meeting from calling him “Respectable Secretary Wang.”
Elected only just over half a month ago, the new members of the Politburo Standing Committee have been repeatedly advocating a refreshing wind of change for officials.
On Dec. 4, the Central Bureau (a group of 25 people who administer the Communist Party of China) adopted eight measures to improve official work by reducing bureaucracy and extravagance. Among the measures, for instance: less traffic restrictions, shorter meetings and briefings, and simpler official receptions.
Though these seem like unimportant changes, they are a huge step for Chinese officials. All these new provisions are challenging the standing ideology of “official-oriented consciousness.”
That the traffic has to be controlled out of the necessity of courtesy and security on special occasions such as visits of heads of state is understandable. But to do it when officials are making trips stems from the idea that officials are more important than ordinary people and that their time is more precious than the public’s.
Less ostentation, less extravagance
However, the rights of an elected official are conferred by the people who elected them to fulfill specific duties. They shouldn’t have privileges. This is common sense. The fact that the new Central Bureau has had to implement provisions to tell officials how to behave should have been done a lot earlier.
In any case, the Chinese government’s will to put an end to official privileges nevertheless merits praise. This reform will certainly benefit the population. No traffic restrictions and no elaborate welcoming ceremonies will reduce the meaningless waste of labor. Less lavish receptions and more efficient meetings and conferences will save money. Not having a script to read from will force our officials to think harder. Less flattery and praise will give them more time to devote to useful endeavors.
What’s more important is that we need to build on this foundation to change our attitude – so that officials and people are treated equally, and that we put an end to feudal rule. This would be a good thing for the ruling party and the people, but also our country.
We sincerely hope that these provisions are going to last and that that they can be extended to the whole country – not just as a well meaning code of conduct but actually implemented and supervised.
Even though local officials have more contact with ordinary people – because they are far away from the power center and the spotlight – they actually need even more regulation and supervision.
A politician’s charisma is not derived from pomp and ostentation. Officials who feel the need to show their status by using privilege are in reality the weaker ones. It’s by making a real contribution to the public and the country that the government and elected officials earn the admiration and recognition of the public. People love hard-working and sincere officials with temperament and charisma. They can tolerate an official’s mistakes, but won’t forgive vain conceit. As Xi Jinping put it, "Empty talk harms the country, hard work prospers the nation."
Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.
It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.
More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.
But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:
Cleaner aviation fuel
The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.
While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.
Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.
In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.
Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.
High-flying ambitions for the sector
Hydrogen and electrification
Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.
One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.
Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.
New aircraft designs
Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.
International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.
The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.
Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airportcommons.wikimedia.org
Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.
The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.
Data privacy issues
However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.
Auckland Airport, New Zealand
The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?
At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.
Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.
40% of Swedes intend to travel less
According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.
But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.
At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.
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