CNN, WALL STREET JOURNAL (USA), BBC NEWS (UK), LES ECHOS (France)
ATHENS - The Greek parliament early Thursday adopted a new round of austerity measures that are required for Greece to receive the next installment of a crucial international economic bailout, reports CNN.
The new set of cuts was approved by 153 lawmakers, with 128 opposed the measure, and 18 abstentions. As Greece is heading for a sixth consecutive year of recession, further austerity has unleashed anger among Greeks, reports BBC News.
More than 70,000 people took to the streets of Athens on Wednesday, and clashed with the police as lawmakers prepared to vote.
Its supporters, however, say these new measures were needed for the payout of the next international bailout installment of 31.5 billion euros (about $40.2 billion), which the government desperately needs to stay in operation.
(Greek Parliament in Athens - George Voudouris)
Last month, Greek Prime Minister Antonis Samaras warned the country would run out of money by mid-November and descend "into chaos" if it did not receive the new installment.
A vote Sunday on the 2013 budget will also be decisive if Greece wants to secure the bailout funds. Most observers believe the new budget will pass.
The austerity bill sets out reforms and fiscal measures worth 13.5 billion euros over the next two years. It is expected to raise the retirement age from 65 to 67 and cut pensions on average between 5% and 15%.
Some workers from the public sector will lose as much as 30% of their salaries.
According to French business daily Les Echos, labor deregulation should also affect lawyers and engineers.
European stocks rose early Thursday, buoyed by corporate earnings news and the passage of a Greek austerity bill. All core equity markets were trading higher this morning but Greece's ASE Composite was down 0.9%, reports the Wall Street Journal.
The euro was little changed against the dollar. "The euro/dollar stabilized overnight, helped by the Greek austerity vote, but it is clear that there are still major problems in Greece reaching a solvent situation," said Lloyds Banking Wholesale Banking & Markets, in a note to clients.
A neo-Nazi has been buried in the former grave of a Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender – not an oversight, but a deliberate provocation. This is just one more example of antisemitism on the rise in Germany, and society's inability to respond.
BERLIN — If you want to check the state of your society, there's a simple test: as the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, John Jay McCloy, said in 1949, the touchstone for a democracy is the well-being of Jews. This litmus test is still relevant today. And it seems Germany would not pass.
Incidents are piling up. Most recently, groups of neo-Nazis from across the country traveled to a church near Berlin for the funeral of a well-known far-right figure. He was buried in the former grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender, a gravesite chosen deliberately by the right-wing extremists.
The incident at the cemetery
They intentionally chose a Jewish grave as an act of provocation, trying to gain maximum publicity for this act of desecration. And the cemetery authorities at the graveyard in Stahnsdorf fell for it. The church issued an immediate apology, calling it a "terrible mistake" and saying they "must immediately see whether and what we can undo."
There are so many incidents that get little to no media attention.
It's unfathomable that this burial was allowed to take place at all, but now the cemetery authorities need to make a decision quickly about how to put things right. Otherwise, the grave may well become a pilgrimage site for Holocaust deniers and antisemites.
The incident has garnered attention in the international press and it will live long in the memory. Like the case of singer-songwriter Gil Ofarim, who recently claimed he was subjected to antisemitic abuse at a hotel in Leipzig. Details of the crime are still being investigated. But there are so many other incidents that get little to no media attention.
The grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender
Crimes against Jews are rising
Across all parts of society, antisemitism is on the rise. Until a few years ago, Jewish life was seen as an accepted part of German society. Since the attack on the synagogue in Halle in 2019, the picture has changed: it was a bitter reminder that right-wing terror against Jewish people has a long, unbroken history in Germany.
Stories have abounded about the coronavirus crisis being a Jewish conspiracy; meanwhile, Muslim antisemitism is becoming louder and more forceful. The anti-Israel boycott movement BDS rears its head in every debate on antisemitism, just as left-wing or post-colonial thinking are part of every discussion.
Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.
Since 2015, the number of antisemitic crimes recorded has risen by about a third, to 2,350. But victims only report around 20% of cases. Some choose not to because they've had bad experiences with the police, others because they're afraid of the perpetrators, and still others because they just want to put it behind them. Victims clearly hold out little hope of useful reaction from the state – so crimes go unreported.
And the reality of Jewish life in Germany is a dark one. Sociologists say that Jewish children are living out their "identity under siege." What impact does it have on them when they can only go to nursery under police protection? Or when they hear Holocaust jokes at school?
Germany needs to take its antisemitism seriously
This shows that the country of commemorative services and "stumbling blocks" placed in sidewalks as a memorial to victims of the Nazis has lost its moral compass. To make it point true north again, antisemitism needs to be documented from the perspective of those affected, making it visible to the non-Jewish population. And Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.
That is the first thing. The second is that we need to talk about specifically German forms of antisemitism. For example, the fact that in no other EU country are Jewish people so often confronted about the Israeli government's policies (according to a survey, 41% of German Jews have experienced this, while the EU average is 28%). Projecting the old antisemitism onto the state of Israel offers people a more comfortable target for their arguments.
Our society needs to have more conversations about antisemitism. The test of German democracy, as McCloy called it, starts with taking these concerns seriously and talking about them. We need to have these conversations because it affects all of us. It's about saving our democracy. Before it's too late.
- Mein Kampf And The Nazi Role In Arab Anti-Semitism - Worldcrunch ›
- Anti-Semitism In German Rap, A Loaded Question - Worldcrunch ›
- Why Sweden Has An Antisemitism Problem - Worldcrunch ›