Today, the top United Nations human rights official declared that the targeting of eastern Aleppo in Syria constituted war crimes rarely seen before. "The violations and abuses suffered by people across the country, including the siege and bombardment of eastern Aleppo, are simply not tragedies; they also constitute crimes of historic proportions," Zeid Ra'ad al Hussein told the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva.
Although weâ€™ve all heard of the horrors of the Syrian war where President Bashar al-Assad with the help of Russia is fighting rebel groups, we rarely catch a glimpse of the warâ€™s striking complexity. Reporting for French newspaper Le Figaro, Georges Malbrunot, offers us a rare on-the-ground view of whatâ€™s happening in Aleppo, in an article that will be published tomorrow in English on Worldcrunch.
Malbrunot visits the Bustan al-Qasr neighborhood, which divides government-controlled western Aleppo from the eastern part of the city held by rebels, and describes stark differences between the two sides. â€œIn Bustan al-Qasr, the only things the two sides exchange are hostages and dead bodies. On the regime-controlled side, people are still alive as reflected by the clothes drying on balconies. On the rebel side, which holds the Citadel of Aleppo, the few humanitarian volunteers who have been able to enter the area share stories of a lifeless scenery dotted with snipers watching from what's left of local homes,â€ the journalist notes.
â€œCivilians in eastern Aleppo are paying the heaviest price for Russian airstrikes. More than 350 people have been killed over the past month,â€ Malbrunot writes, adding that a rebel killed a 15-year-old girl in Bustan al-Qasr just hours before he got there. Even as defenders of human rights make strongly-worded speeches in Switzerland, this report is a reminder that a war is claiming lives by the hour in Syria.
WHAT TO LOOK FOR TODAY (& WEEKEND)
- After lashing Philippines, Typhoon Haima heads toward southern China.
- Lady Gaga drops her fifth studio album, Joanne.
- Bill Murray to receive the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor (Sunday).
ISIS ATTACKS KIRKUK
ISIS militants have raided government buildings, killing at least 11 people in and around the oil-rich Iraqi city of Kirkuk, even as Iraqi and Kurdish forces continue their offensive to retake Mosul, Al Jazeera reports.
WALLONIA BLOCKS EU-CANADA TRADE DEAL
Negotiations for the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement with Canada were stalled late Thursday by Belgiumâ€™s regional government of Wallonia, local daily La Libre reports. Failure to complete the deal would be a significant blow to Europeâ€™s credibility as a trading partner on the international stage, financial news website MarketWatch writes.
â€" ON THIS DAY
Oct. 21, 1879: Thomas Edison invents the light bulb.
Oct. 21, 1980: Kim Kardashian is born.
Coincidence? Discover the truth in todayâ€™s 57-second shot of history.
"I announce my separation from the United States," Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said yesterday during a visit to Beijing, in what CNN calls the latest sign of his â€œpivot away from the U.S. and toward China.â€
NEW BATCH OF WIKILEAKS EMAILS
Unlike the ethnic Uighurs, the Hui are a much more assimilated Muslim minority, which gives them more religious freedom, Cyrille Pluyette writes from Linxia for French daily Le Figaro. â€œLinxia city has more than 80 mosques for some 250,000 people. â€˜We are perfectly free to practice our religion. The mosque is open 24/7, the faithful can come in and pray at any time,â€™ says Ye Wenxin, Yihewaniâ€™s imam, or ahong to use the Chinese term.
Ye sits in a dark office inside the mosque filled with books. Unlike the Uighurs, the Hui increasingly make pilgrimages to the Islamic holy city of Mecca and can celebrate important religious dates. Hui civil servants are allowed to fast at Ramadan and women can wear Islamic headscarves.â€
Read the full article, In China, Hui Muslims Enjoy Rare Religious Freedom.
SOUTH AFRICA WITHDRAWS FROM COURT
South Africa has formally notified the UN that it wants to withdraw from the International Criminal Court. Read more about it from the BBC.
QUAKE JOLTS JAPAN
A 6.2-magnitude earthquake rocked western Japan this morning, the Japan Meteorological Agency reports. No casualties have been reported yet and no tsunami warning was issued, though strong aftershocks are expected in the coming days.
SOUTH KOREA CORRUPTION SCANDAL
Two of South Korean President Park Geun-hyeâ€™s closest advisors have been accused of using their influence to coerce big conglomerates into making multimillion-dollar donations to non-profit foundations. The allegations represent â€œthe biggest political crisis of the presidentâ€™s career,â€ writes the Financial Times.
â€" MY GRAND-PEREâ€™S WORLD
The Condor Offer â€" Arequipa, 1996
MORE STORIES, EXCLUSIVELY IN ENGLISH BY WORLDCRUNCH
- How To Buy Antiquities Looted By ISIS From An Italian Mobster â€" La Stampa
- Vladimir Putin Is Playing The West For A Fool â€" Die Welt
- Sharp Teeth Of Soft Power, U.S. Law Targets European Firms â€" Les Echos
Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.
It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.
More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.
But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:
Cleaner aviation fuel
The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.
While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.
Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.
In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.
Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.
High-flying ambitions for the sector
Hydrogen and electrification
Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.
One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.
Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.
New aircraft designs
Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.
International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.
The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.
Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airportcommons.wikimedia.org
Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.
The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.
Data privacy issues
However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.
Auckland Airport, New Zealand
The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?
At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.
Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.
40% of Swedes intend to travel less
According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.
But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.
At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.
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