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Tunis Aftermath, Sweden Shooting, Ebola-Free Liberia

Tunis Aftermath, Sweden Shooting, Ebola-Free Liberia

TUNISIA DECLARES WAR ON TERRORISM
Photo: Adel/Xinhua/ZUMA
Tunisia is in a state of shock today after the terror attack on the National Bardo Museum in the capital yesterday left 19 people dead and 44 wounded, most of them foreign tourists. In Paris-based Libération, Algerian writer Kamel Daoud says that yesterday's "sniper attack" targeted the "true heart of the Arab world" and the "one country that proves that there's life on Allah's planet and that democracy is possible and not incompatible with Arabity."
Read more about the attack in Tunis here.

SWEDISH SHOOTING LEAVES TWO DEAD
Two people were killed and at least eight wounded when two men opened fire in a bar in the Swedish city of Gothenburg late yesterday, the daily Dagens Nyheter reports. Police say the attack was likely gang-related, and there is no indication it was an act of terrorism. Authorities have launched a manhunt for the attackers, who allegedly fled by car. The shooting took place in the area of Biskopsgarden, which is known for gang-related crime. A police spokesperson said the attack didn’t “come as a surprise.”

240
An average of 240 Saudi Arabians change their first names every month, the Saudi Gazette reports. “The majority of the approvals for name changes are for women who look for more appealing names, believing that they will make them more beautiful,” a Interior Ministry source says.

LIBERIA ALMOST EBOLA-FREE
The last Ebola patient in Liberia was released Thursday from a treatment center in Monrovia, the capital city, allowing the country to begin its countdown to being declared Ebola-free. “I am one of the happiest human beings today on earth because it was not easy going through this situation and coming out alive,” 58-year-old teacher Beatrice Yardolo told Sierra Leone Times. At least 10,179 people, including 4,264 in Liberia, have died in the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the largest in history.

U.S. DELAYS AFGHANISTAN WITHDRAWAL
In a sign that Washington is considering slowing down its military withdrawal from Afghanistan, a senior U.S. official quoted by Reuters said the U.S. military bases in Kandahar and Jalalabad are likely to remain open beyond 2015. The move aims to support the new government’s battle against the Taliban.

WORLDCRUNCH-TO-GO
As Le Temps’ Antoine Duplan writes, a brother and sister have set Lausanne alight for the past two years with a celebration of “positive sex” and “alternative porn,” and the Swiss city has been surprisingly submissive. “The Internet, same-sex marriage, the highly publicized chronic mischief of Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the former chief of the IMF. Sex is everywhere,” the journalist writes. “A multidisciplinary festival centered on sexual issues, the Fête de Slip neither advocates nor condemns sex. It simply explores and questions it. In not-so-ancient times, events such as this one would have led to a major outcry. Times are changing. ‘We’re almost disappointed,’ co-founder Viviane says before her brother and co-founder Stéphane adds, ‘It’s surprising. We were expecting virulent protests.’”
Read the full article, The “Fete Du Slip:” Switzerland's High-Brow Porn Festival.

YEMEN AIRPORT FORCED TO CLOSE
Heavy fighting between forces loyal to former Yemen President Ali Saleh and militiamen backing the current president today led to the closure of the airport in Aden, a large seaport in the country’s southwest, Al Jazeera reports. At least five people were killed and 13 wounded in the clashes.

  • Meanwhile, French hostage Isabelle Prime and her Yemeni interpreter Chérine Makkaoui, who were abducted Feb. 24 in the capital city Sanaa by men disguised as policemen, have been released, RTL reports.

UN RAISES ISIS GENOCIDE QUESTION
A report published today by the United Nations human rights office claims ISIS “may have committed war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.” It added that the UN Security Council should “consider referring the situation in Iraq to the International Criminal Court.” The report is based on interviews with more than 100 people, including members of the Yazidi minority, who witnessed or survived attacks in Iraq between June 2014 and February 2015. The UN human rights office also highlights alleged war crimes committed by Iraqi government forces while battling the insurgency.

MY GRAND-PÈRE’S WORLD


AL-SHABAAB LEADER KILLED
Adan Garar, a leader of the Somalia-based terrorist group al-Shabaab closely linked to the 2013 Kenyan shopping center massacre that left 67 dead, has been killed by a U.S. drone strike, the Pentagon confirmed yesterday. The U.S. Department of Defense has described him as “a key operative responsible for coordinating the Somali militant group's external operations.”

FRANCE TO LIMIT CASH WITHDRAWALS
French Finance Minister Michel Sapin announced that the government will reduce the upper limit of cash withdrawals from 3,000 to 1,000 euros “to fight terrorism,” Les Echos reports. And starting in 2016, any bank withdrawal over 10,000 euros will be the subject of a report by the authorities.

ON THIS DAY

On March 19, 1931, Nevada legalized gambling. Time for your 57-second shot of history.

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Future

How China Flipped From Tech Copycat To Tech Leader

Long perceived as a country chasing Western tech, China's business and technological innovations are now influencing the rest of the world. Still lagging on some fronts, the future is now up for grabs.

At the World Semiconductor Conference in Nanjing, China, on June 9

SIPA Asia/ZUMA
Emmanuel Grasland

BEIJING — China's tech tycoons have fallen out of favor: Jack Ma (Alibaba), Colin Huang (Pinduoduo), Richard Liu (Tencent) and Zhang Yiming (ByteDance) have all been pressured by Beijing to leave their jobs or step back from a public role. Their time may be coming to an end, but the legacy remains exceptional. Under their reign, China has become a veritable window to the global future of technology.

TikTok is the perfect example. Launched in 2016, the video messaging app has been downloaded over two billion times worldwide. It has passed the 100-million active user mark in the United States. Thanks to TikTok's success, ByteDance, its parent company, has reached an exceptional level of influence on the internet.


For a long time, the West viewed China's digital ecosystem as a cheap imitation of Silicon Valley. The European and American media described the giants of the Asian superpower as the "Chinese Google" or "Chinese Amazon." But the tables have turned.

No Western equivalent to WeChat

The Asian superpower has forged cutting-edge business models that do not exist elsewhere. It is impossible to find a Western equivalent to the WeChat super-app (1.2 billion users), which is used for shopping as much as for making a medical appointment or obtaining credit.

The flow of innovation is now changing direction.

The roles have actually reversed: In a recent article, Les Echos describes the California-based social network IRL, as a "WeChat of the Western world."

Grégory Boutté, digital and customer relations director at the multinational luxury group Kering, explains, "The Chinese digital ecosystem is incredibly different, and its speed of evolution is impressive. Above all, the flow of innovation is now changing direction."

This is illustrated by the recent creation of "live shopping" events in France, which are hosted by celebrities and taken from a concept already popular in China.

10,000 new startups per day

There is an explosion of this phenomenon in the digital sphere. Rachel Daydou, Partner & China General Manager of the consulting firm Fabernovel in Shanghai, says, "With Libra, Facebook is trying to create a financial entity based on social media, just as WeChat did with WeChat Pay. Facebook Shop looks suspiciously like WeChat's mini-programs. Amazon Live is inspired by Taobao Live and YouTube Shopping by Douyin, the Chinese equivalent of TikTok."

In China, it is possible to go to fully robotized restaurants or to give a panhandler some change via mobile payment. Your wallet is destined to be obsolete because your phone can read restaurant menus and pay for your meal via a QR Code.

The country uses shared mobile chargers the way Europeans use bicycles, and is already testing electric car battery swap stations to avoid 30 minutes of recharging time.

Michael David, chief omnichannel director at LVMH, says, "The Chinese ecosystem is permanently bubbling with innovation. About 10,000 start-ups are created every day in the country."

China is also the most advanced country in the electric car market. With 370 models at the end of 2020, it had an offering that was almost twice as large as Europe's, according to the International Energy Agency.

Photo of a phone's screen displaying the logo of \u200bChina's super-app WeChat

China's super-app WeChat

Omar Marques/SOPA Images/ZUMA

The whole market runs on tech

Luca de Meo, CEO of French automaker Renault, said in June that China is "ahead of Europe in many areas, whether it's electric cars, connectivity or autonomous driving. You have to be there to know what's going on."

As a market, China is also a source of technological inspiration for Western companies, a world leader in e-commerce, solar, mobile payments, digital currency and facial recognition. It has the largest 5G network, with more than one million antennas up and running, compared to 400,000 in Europe.

Self-driving cars offer an interesting point of divergence between China and the West.

Just take the number of connected devices (1.1 billion), the time spent on mobile (six hours per day) and, above all, the magnitude of data collected to deploy and improve artificial intelligence algorithms faster than in Europe or the United States.

The groundbreaking field of self-driving cars offers an interesting point of divergence between China and the West. Artificial intelligence guru Kai-Fu Lee explains that China believes that we should teach the highway to speak to the car, imagining new services and rethinking cities to avoid cars crossing pedestrians, while the West does not intend to go that far.

Still lagging in some key sectors

There are areas where China is still struggling, such as semiconductors. Despite a production increase of nearly 50% per year, the country produces less than 40% of the chips it consumes, according to official data. This dependence threatens its ambitions in artificial intelligence, telecoms and autonomous vehicles. Chinese manufacturers work with an engraving fineness of 28 nm or more, far from those of Intel, Samsung or TSMC. They are unable to produce processors for high-performance PCs.

China's aerospace industry is also lagging behind the West. There are also no Chinese players among the top 20 life science companies on the stock market and there are doubts surrounding the efficacy of Sinovac and Sinopharm's COVID-19 vaccines. As of 2019, the country files more patents per year than the U.S., but far fewer are converted into marketable products.

Beijing knows its weaknesses and is working to eliminate them. Adopted in March, the nation's 14th five-year plan calls for a 7% annual increase in R&D spending between now and 2025, compared with 12% under the previous plan. Big data aside, that is basic math anyone can understand.

https://www.lesechos.fr/idees-debats/editos-analyses/la-chine-est-desormais-une-fenetre-sur-notre-futur-1347064
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