Oslo Generation, VW Sales Rise, Puppy Reunion

Oslo Generation, VW Sales Rise, Puppy Reunion


Photo: Antonio Masiello/NurPhoto/ZUMA

European Union states are considering an aid package worth 3 billion euros ($3.5 billion) to Turkey as well as quicker visas for Turkish citizens in exchange for Turkey’s help in curbing the flow of migrants into Europe. The BBC reports that European leaders also agreed to “re-energize” dormant talks on Turkey joining the EU. Not all leaders agreed with the proposals, with Bulgarian Prime Minister abruptly leaving the summit. Donald Tusk, the president of the European Council, also expressed “cautious optimism” and said that “an agreement with Turkey makes sense only if it effectively contains the flow of refugees.” Speaking to Hürriyet, the European Parliament’s rapporteur for Turkey, Kati Piri, said she was “shocked” by Tusk’s remarks though she admitted that “it is not comfortable for Europe to be on the demanding side when it comes to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.”


“What did you think, the Palestinians would sit still indefinitely? Did you really think Israel would continue on its course and they’d just bow their heads in submission?” columnist Gideon Levy writes in a strongly-worded op-ed for Haaretz as the eruption of violence continues in Jerusalem and the West Bank. A group of Palestinian rioters set fire late Thursday to Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus. Meanwhile, Al Jazeera reports that Israeli authorities will now ban alleged Palestinian attackers and their families from entering East Jerusalem. Here’s a Le Monde/Worldcrunch reportage on the so-called “Oslo Generation.”


A large trove of NSA documents leaked to the investigative website The Intercept sheds new light on the U.S. drone strikes program. The leaks reveal, among other things, that drone strikes kill many more people than the intended targets and that civilian deaths have been repeatedly underplayed. According to the source, U.S. statements minimizing the number of civilian deaths were “exaggerating at best, if not outright lies.”



Humanitarian NGO Doctors Without Borders said yesterday that a U.S. tank had forced its way into the ruins of the Kunduz hospital bombed in a U.S. airstrike, warning that yesterday’s “intrusion” had “destroyed potential evidence and caused stress and fear,” The Guardian reports. Doctors Without Borders has previously condemned the bombing that killed 22 as a “war crime,” arguing that U.S. forces knew before the attack that the building was a hospital.


Protestant Church leaders believe Christian missionary work is endangering civil peace as ever more Muslims emigrate to Germany. For Die Welt’s Till-R. Stoldt, limiting proselytizing is a radical break from 2,000 years of practice. “The Church does not only categorically rejects the conversion of reform-minded Muslims but outright dismisses all missionary work directed at Muslims. This is a an extraordinary approach towards Christian-Muslim relations by Germany’s second largest national Protestant Church, which some may hail as a progressive and ground-breaking effort. Others, however, may view it as a dangerous breach of tradition. And others still will see it as a genuflection before Islam.”

Read the full article, Why German Protestants Will Stop Trying To Convert Muslims.


At least 30 people were killed in the suicide bombing of a mosque yesterday in the northeastern Nigerian city of Maiduguri, the BBC reports. Islamist group Boko Haram had previously carried out several attacks in the city, though no group has claimed responsibility for yesterday’s bombing. This morning, another wave of suicide bombs hit Maiduguri, killing four on top of the three female bombers and wounding 17, according to Vanguard.


Scandal-engulfed Volkswagen will recall 8.5 million diesel cars across Europe, after admitting that at least 11 million cars worldwide had been equipped with an illegal device that can lower emissions during car tests. But despite the ongoing scandal, which started a month ago, VW car sales rose 8.4% in September 2015 compared to the previous year, Deutsche Welle reports. In France meanwhile, the French government has announced that it will increase taxes on diesel, a move which business daily Les Échos says risks affecting Renault and Peugeot-Citroen as well as their workers.


Just three months after the shocking killing of Cecil the lion, The Daily Telegraph reveals that a German hunter paid $60,000 to kill a bull elephant with tusks weighing 120 pounds in Zimbabwe. The elephant, whose culling is said to have taken place in early October, was one of the largest ever seen in Zimbabwe and was aged between 40 and 60 years old.


The French inventors call it “Wattway,” and it could revolutionize the production of solar energy.


Ken Taylor, Canada’s ambassador to Iran at the time of the Islamic revolution in 1979, has died aged 81. He was famous for his role in the “Canadian caper” operation dramatized in the 2012 Oscar-winning movie Argo, during which he helped six American diplomats escape Iran after revolutionaries stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran. Read more from The Globe and Mail.


The Economist devotes its cover story this week to the risks of a so-called Brexit, as momentum builds for the UK to leave the European Union.


French revolutionaries may not appreciate the *final cut* on today’s 57-second shot of history …


The homeless man who had his puppy stolen from his arms by a group of animal activists in Paris last month, was reunited Thursday with his dog, French daily Le Parisien reports.

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7 Ways The Pandemic May Change The Airline Industry For Good

Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.

Ready for (a different kind of) takeoff?

Carl-Johan Karlsson

It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.

More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.

But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:

Cleaner aviation fuel

The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.

While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.

Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.

In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.

Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.

Black-and-white photo of an ariplane shot from below flying across the sky and leaving condensation trails

High-flying ambitions for the sector

Joel & Jasmin Førestbird

Hydrogen and electrification

Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.

One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.

Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.

New aircraft designs

Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.

International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.

The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

Hygiene rankings  

Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.

Smoother check-in

​The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.

Data privacy issues

​However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.

Photo of planes at Auckland airport, New Zealand

Auckland Airport, New Zealand

Douglas Bagg

The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?

At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.

Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.

40% of Swedes intend to travel less

According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.

But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.

At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.

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