Post-Gaddafi Libya is a mix of newfound freedom and political instability. The latest news includes worries of an impending coup d"état after a top general suggested that the way forward for the country was to suspend Parliament.
Still, Libyans celebrated – or at least were free to acknowledge – the third anniversary of their 2011 revolution that overthrew long-time dictator Muammar Gaddafi. It was Feb. 17, 2011, when members of the Libyan opposition declared a "day of rage" against the regime, which culminated in Gaddafi's death during the ensuing civil war.
Despite serious security concerns, Libyans seemed to share a guarded optimism about the state of the nation. Here's how it looked on Twitter.
One of the more hopeful posts included a festive photo of decorated streets, and the declaration: "Libya is celebrating its third year of freedom, today everything is under control and accounted for, God is great."
Ù„ÙŠØ¨ÙŠØ§ ØªØØªÙÙ„ Ø¨Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø§Ù… Ø§Ù„Ø«Ø§Ù„Ø« Ù…Ù† Ø§Ù„ØØ±ÙŠØ© ØŒØŒ Ù„Ø§Ø®ÙˆÙ ÙÙŠ Ù„ÙŠØ¨ÙŠØ§ Ø¨Ø¹Ø¯ Ø§Ù„ÙŠÙˆÙ… Ø§Ù„ÙƒÙ„ ØªØØª Ø§Ù„Ø±Ù‚Ø§Ø¨Ø© ÙˆØ§Ù„Ù…ØØ§Ø³Ø¨Ø© ØŒØŒ Ù„Ø§ÙƒØ¨ÙŠØ± Ø¥Ù„Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‡. pic.twitter.com/SfwtpYYTcg
— Ø¹Ù…Ø± Ø¨Ù† Ø¹Ø¨Ø¯Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø²ÙŠØ² (@oamaz7) February 17, 2014
A young Libyan woman living in the city of Misrata — where the revolution was born — tweeted a message of thanks to those who had died in the uprising.
— Omaimah_Basheer (@omaimahbt) February 17, 2014
Images of martyrs were also tweeted, accompanied by prayers. One tweet remembers pilot Muhammad Mubarak Al-Aqili.
Ø§Ù„Ø´Ù‡ÙŠØ¯ Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ù‚ÙŠØ¯ Ø·ÙŠØ§Ø± Ù…ØÙ…Ø¯ Ù…Ø¨Ø§Ø±Ùƒ Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ù‚ÙŠÙ„ÙŠ ØµØ§ØØ¨ Ø§Ù„ÙŠÙ…ÙŠÙ† Ø§Ù„Ø´Ù‡ÙŠØ± "Ø¹Ù„ÙŠØ§ Ø§Ù„ÙŠÙ…ÙŠÙ† Ø¨Ù†ØºØ§Ø²ÙŠ Ù…Ø§ ØªØ®Ø´Ù‡Ø§ ÙŠØ§ Ù…Ø¹Ù…Ø±" pic.twitter.com/IH1JtiV77A
— ØªØºØ±ÙŠØ¯Ø§Øª Ù„ÙŠØ¨ÙŠØ§ (@LibyaTopTweets) February 17, 2014
Another similar tweet reads, "#memories of the revolution #that we may not forget the martyr Muhammad Nabus."
— Tawfik Bensaud (@TBensaud) February 17, 2014
Using the same hashtag, a young Libyan woman in the revolutionary town of Benghazi recalled: "#memories of the revolution — making food for the thuwar revolutionaries."
#Ø°ÙƒØ±ÙŠØ§Øª_Ø§Ù„Ø«ÙˆØ±Ø© making food for the thuwar âœŒï¸
— R. (@3doditee) February 16, 2014
Not all tweets were thankful and celebratory, however. ">The same young Libyan woman who tweeted about making food also recalled: "#memories of the revolution — when we could walk around Benghazi alone and still feel safe!"
Twitter debates also ensued over whether a revolution actually happened, and whether it has been successful.
— Areej Ø£Ø±ÙŠØ¬ ↑ (@3alaDil3owna) February 17, 2014
Still, the tone on the ground seemed to be one of guarded optimism. One tweet featured an image of a Libyan man carrying a poster, reading, "In spite of the shortcomings, I will celebrate the February 17th anniversary."
— R. (@3doditee) February 17, 2014
A court in Spain usurps custody of the one-year-old boy living with his mother in the "deep" part of the Galicia region, forced to instead live with his father in the southern city of Marbella, which the judge says is "cosmopolitan" with good schools and medical care. Women's rights groups have taken up the mother's case.
A Spanish court has ordered the withdrawal of a mother's custody of her one-year-old boy because she is living in the countryside in northwestern Spain, where the judge says the child won't have "opportunities for the proper development of his personality."
The case, reported Monday in La Voz de Galicia, has sparked outrage from a women's rights association but has also set off reactions from politicians of different stripes across the province of Galicia, defending the values of rural life.
Judge María Belén Ureña Carazo, of the family court of Marbella, a city on the southern coast of 141,000 people, has ordered the toddler to stay with father who lives in the city rather than with his mother because she was living in "deep Galicia" where the child would lack opportunities to "grow up in a happy environment."
Front page of La Voz de Galicia - October 25, 2021
Front page of La Voz de Galicia - Monday 25 October, 2021
Better in a "cosmopolitan" city?
The judge said Marbella, where the father lives, was a "cosmopolitan city" with "a good hospital" as well as "all kinds of schools" and thus provided a better environment for the child to thrive.
The mother has submitted a formal complaint to the General Council of the Judiciary that the family court magistrate had acted with "absolute contempt," her lawyer told La Voz de Galicia.
The mother quickly accumulated support from local politicians and civic organizations. The Clara Campoamor association described the judge's arguments as offensive, intolerable and typical of "an ignorant person who has not traveled much."
The Xunta de Galicia, the regional government, has addressed the case, saying that any place in Galicia meets the conditions to educate a minor. The Socialist party politician Pablo Arangüena tweeted that "it would not hurt part of the judiciary to spend a summer in Galicia."
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