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ISIS Loses Ramadi, Comfort Women Restitution, Fictional Refugees

ISIS Loses Ramadi, Comfort Women Restitution, Fictional Refugees

IRAQI FORCES RECLAIM CENTRAL RAMADI

An Iraqi military official said this morning that government forces had “fully liberated” Ramadi, which fell to ISIS last May in an embarrassing defeat. Government forces have been trying to retake the city, the capital of the Anbar province, for weeks. But another official was quick to say that while central Ramadi had been retaken, there were still parts of the city being held by ISIS. “We’re being very careful in declaring victory until we have an official announcement from the prime minister's office,” the BBC quoted provincial spokesman Muhannad Haimour as saying. ISIS fighters are reportedly still holding “pockets of resistance” and are “capable of launching any attacks on the security forces,” Haimour added.


SNAPSHOT

Photo: Ben Cawthra/Rex Shutterstock/ZUMA

A man waits to be rescued from floods in York’s town center, as large areas of northern England have been hit by severe flooding after unusually heavy rainfall.


SYRIAN REBELS EVACUATED NEAR LEBANON

At least 130 people, including 70 wounded Syrian rebel fighters and their family members, are being evacuated from the Syrian town of Zabadani, located near the Lebanese border. They will be taken to Beirut and then Turkey under supervision of the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross, the daily L’Orient Le Jour reports. Simultaneously, about 450 wounded people, including women and children, are being evacuated from the Shia villages of Fua and Kefraya, which are held by a collective of rebel groups that include the al-Qaeda-linked al-Nusra Front. The evacuation is part of a rare UN-backed deal brokered in September by warring groups in Syria.


8.7 MILLION

Japan will pay $8.7 million to a South Korean fund after the two countries reached a landmark deal today to provide restitution for the fact that Korean “comfort women” were forced into sexual slavery during World War II, The Japan Times reports. “The comfort women issue occurred with the involvement of the Japanese military and the Japanese government acutely feels its responsibility,” Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida said. The issue has been the source of tension between Seoul and Tokyo for decades. Of the 200,000 mostly Korean women forced into sexual slavery to Japanese soldiers during WWII, only 46 are still alive in South Korea.


TORNADOES KILL 11 IN TEXAS

A series of tornadoes left 11 people dead in and around Dallas, Texas, over the weekend, which left what local authorities describe as “total devastation,” according to The Dallas Morning News. Nine twisters reportedly touched down Saturday night. The size of one of the tornadoes, which some witnesses described as being half a mile wide, can be measured in this video expand=1]. At least 43 people have been killed by severe storms in U.S. states over the past few days.


VERBATIM

“This is a full blown operating system where they control most of the code,” German researcher Florian Grunow said Sunday during the Chaos Communication Congress in Hamburg, describing North Korea’s homegrown computer operating system known as Red Star. “Kim Jong-il said North Korea should develop a system of their own,” he added. “This is what they’ve done.” Red Star, which the researcher was able to explore in detail, isn’t connected to the World Wide Web and only allows access to state media and officially approved websites. Developed for more than a decade, it reportedly resembles a rudimentary Apple OSX.


SUICIDE BOMB KILLS 1 NEAR IN KABUL

At least one person was killed and 33 wounded this morning when a Taliban suicide bomber detonated explosives near Kabul’s airport. Reuters quoted the Afghan Ministry of Public Health as saying that 18 children in a school located near the airport were among the injured. The attack comes a day after Gen. Raheel Sharif, the head of the Pakistani army, visited the Afghan capital with the aim of resuming negotiations with the Taliban.


MY GRAND-PÈRE’S WORLD



BURUNDI PEACE TALKS REOPEN

Peace talks between the Burundi government and the opposition are set to restart in Uganda today for the first time in five months, Jeune Afrique reports. The country has undergone a serious political crisis since Pierre Nkurunziza was re-elected for a third presidential term in July. The opposition sees this as contrary to the new constitution established in 2006 that ended a 12-year civil war.


WORLDCRUNCH-TO-GO

Some believe names represent more than just a matter of taste, that they destine people to certain fates. But as Marie-Pierre Genecand writes for Le Temps, most everyone can agree that certain names are simply bad choices. “Now comes the question that every future parent thinks about with a mix of anxiety and excitement. Does a name shape a person? Does it have the power to influence the course of life? I think it does. And all the first-name dictionaries think so too. An Irène won't live the same life as a Lola. A Jean-Albert will simply have a different trajectory than a Matteo.”

Read the full article, From Gontran To Adolf, The Influence Of Name Choice.


ON THIS DAY


Today is the birthday of Westminster Abbey and the Spider-Man creator. That and more in 57 seconds!


WELCOMING (FICTIONAL) REFUGEES

A survey conducted by conservative polling company WPA Research recently found that 44% of Democrats in the U.S. would welcome refugees from Agrabah, the fictional city in Disney’s Aladdin. It comes on the heels of a survey by the Democratic Public Policy Polling in which 30% of Republicans supported bombing the same fictional city.

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Future

7 Ways The Pandemic May Change The Airline Industry For Good

Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.

Ready for (a different kind of) takeoff?

Carl-Johan Karlsson

It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.

More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.


But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:

Cleaner aviation fuel

The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.

While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.

Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.

In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.

Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.

Black-and-white photo of an ariplane shot from below flying across the sky and leaving condensation trails

High-flying ambitions for the sector

Joel & Jasmin Førestbird

Hydrogen and electrification

Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.

One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.

Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.

New aircraft designs

Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.

International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.

The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

commons.wikimedia.org

Hygiene rankings  

Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.

Smoother check-in

​The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.

Data privacy issues

​However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.

Photo of planes at Auckland airport, New Zealand

Auckland Airport, New Zealand

Douglas Bagg

The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?

At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.

Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.

40% of Swedes intend to travel less

According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.

But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.

At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.

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