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Iran Agreement Close, Kenyan Christians Attacked, Rainbow Skiing

Iran Agreement Close, Kenyan Christians Attacked, Rainbow Skiing

Photo: U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in Lausanne — Brendan Smialowski/Prensa Internacional/ZUMA

Iran nuclear talks resumed today in Lausanne, for a second day since the March 31 deadline. A deal seems within reach, as Iran officials hint at more flexibility over the UN lifting economic sanctions on the country, one of the most debated issues.

  • “We’re a few meters away from the finish line, but we know they’re always the hardest,” Le Temps quoted French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius as saying today.

  • Iranian negotiator Ali Akbar Salehi said he could “see the light on the horizon” after another sleepless night of talks.

  • “We’re still making progress, but we still haven’t reached a political deal,” U.S. secretary of state John Kerry said last night.


Today marks 10 years since the death of Pope John Paul II. Time now for your 57-second shot of history.

Militants of the Islamist al-Shabab group, part of al-Qaeda, have killed at least 14 people and wounded 65 after raiding a university in Garissa, Kenya, near the Somali border. They claim to be holding an unknown number of Christian Kenyans.

  • Arnolda Shiundu, a spokesman for the Kenya Red Cross, told The Guardian they “evacuated about 30 casualties, most of them with bullet wounds. Four are in a critical state, and Kenya Defense Forces personnel have airlifted three victims, including two soldiers, to Nairobi.”

  • An al-Shabab spokesman told Reuters the assailants “sorted people out and released the Muslims.” He added, “There are many dead bodies of Christians inside the building. We are also holding many Christians alive. Fighting still goes on inside the college.”

  • At least 50 students were able to escape the university campus to a nearby military facility after the initial sounds of gunfire, the Red Cross has said.

  • Witnesses said the attackers shot indiscriminately at students and teachers, as the attack started around 5 a.m., the BBC reports.

The number of foreign fighters who joined terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda or ISIS soared 71% between mid-2014 and March 2015, according to a UN report obtained by AP. More than 25,000 people have now traveled to join such organizations, a figure that is “higher than it has ever been historically,” according to UN experts.

Intense clashes broke out between Houthi fighters and allies and local militia backed by tanks in the southern Yemeni city of Aden yesterday, the BBC reports.

  • The Houthi rebels, who support former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, had reportedly been forced to pull back from the city center after airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition, according to Reuters.

  • At least 19 people, including civilians, were killed in the clashes, bringing the death toll to at least 122 since the beginning of the Saudi-led operation “Decisive Storm.”

  • A Doctors Without Borders spokeswoman told the BBC that an Aden hospital received “more than 500 injured people from all sides in the conflict over the last two weeks.”

  • Local security officials said al-Qaeda militants stormed a prison in the southeastern city of Mukalla today, freeing at least 300 inmates, including a senior al-Qaeda figure who had been held for more than four years, Al Arabiya reports.

When Patricia started hearing voices, she was fascinated. Within a year, she wound up in the hospital. She now tries to cope with her illness without medication, opting instead for church and yoga. She told her story to Le Temps’ Rinny Gremaud. “Refusing medication hasn’t been easy,” she told the journalist. “Whenever you are in the health care system, you face five or six people who insist, and you have to stand up to them … I imagine medication must sometimes make things easier. But you have to be coherent. I believe in natural therapies. I think the illness is the body trying to make you understand something. So for me, schizophrenia is a bit more serious than a cold, but it’s the same principle.”
Read the full article, Living With Schizophrenia - And Without Medication.

At least 54 crew on a Russian fishing trawler died and 15 were missing after it sank in freezing waters off the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Western Pacific Ocean late Wednesday, officials said. Search and rescue operations are continuing, but 63 of the 132 people on board have been rescued, Russian TASS news agency reports. The official spokesman of Russia’s Investigative Committee, Vladimir Markin, said the ship sank within 15 minutes, probably after a collision with an obstacle.

Gunmen armed with automatic rifles and rocket-propelled grenades attacked military checkpoints in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula Thursday, killing seven soldiers, Reuters reports. At least 11 other soldiers and several civilians were wounded. Local Egyptian media reported that at least 15 armed men were also killed by the Egyptian military during the attacks, Al Jazeera reports.


Andreas Lubitz, the Germanwings co-pilot suspected of deliberately crashing an Airbus A320 in the French Alps, killing all 150 people on board, apparently lied to doctors, concealing the fact that he was still flying commercial planes and telling them he was on sick leave, Bildreported today. The German tabloid also said the 27-year-old had sought medical attention to treat an eye condition, which could be linked to a 2014 car crash in which he was involved.

A suicide bombing killed at least 20 people and injured 36 Thursday during a protest against the local governor in Afghanistan’s eastern Khost province, Al Jazeera reports.

A little rainbow expand=1] skiing for your Thursday morning viewing pleasure.

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The Unsustainable Future Of Fish Farming — On Vivid Display In Turkish Waters

Currently, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming, compared to just 10% two decades ago. The short-sightedness of this shift risks eliminating fishing output from both the farms and the open seas along Turkey's 5,200 miles of coastline.

Photograph of two fishermen throwing a net into the Tigris river in Turkey.

Traditional fishermen on the Tigris river, Turkey.

Dûrzan Cîrano/Wikimeidia
İrfan Donat

ISTANBUL — Turkey's annual fish production includes 515,000 tons from cultivation and 335,000 tons came from fishing in open waters. In other words, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming.

It's a radical shift from just 20 years ago when some 600,000 tons, or 90% of the total output, came from fishing. Now, researchers are warning the current system dominated by fish farming is ultimately unsustainable in the country with 8,333 kilometers (5,177 miles) long.

Professor Mustafa Sarı from the Maritime Studies Faculty of Bandırma 17 Eylül University believes urgent action is needed: “Why were we getting 600,000 tons of fish from the seas in the 2000’s and only 300,000 now? Where did the other 300,000 tons of fish go?”

Professor Sarı is challenging the argument from certain sectors of the industry that cultivation is the more sustainable approach. “Now we are feeding the fish that we cultivate at the farms with the fish that we catch from nature," he explained. "The fish types that we cultivate at the farms are sea bass, sea bram, trout and salmon, which are fed with artificial feed produced at fish-feed factories. All of these fish-feeds must have a significant amount of fish flour and fish oil in them.”

That fish flour and fish oil inevitably must come from the sea. "We have to get them from natural sources. We need to catch 5.7 kilogram of fish from the seas in order to cultivate a sea bream of 1 kg," Sarı said. "Therefore, we are feeding the fish to the fish. We cannot cultivate fish at the farms if the fish in nature becomes extinct. The natural fish need to be protected. The consequences would be severe if the current policy is continued.”

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