Ukraine's main problems are a shortage of ammunition, a lack of sufficiently well-trained soldiers, and confronting a powerful air force.
The West's "self-deterrence"
The West now wants to take countermeasures and finally form a "fighter jet coalition", for which Ukraine needs at least 40 to 50 high-performance F-16 fighter jets. It has been clear since last fall that Ukraine would need fighter jets to launch a successful counteroffensive, control the airspace and provide early air cover for its own attacking ground forces. In addition, Ukraine could use the fighter jets to shoot down Russian cruise missiles and aircraft.
A serious debate about the delivery of Western fighter jets is only now beginning.
Nevertheless, a serious debate about the delivery of Western fighter jets is only now beginning. There is reason to suggest that they will ultimately arrive far too late for Ukraine's planned counteroffensive. This is — from a military point of view — an unforgivable omission on the part of the West. To put it bluntly, if the Ukrainian counteroffensive fails to bring about a turnaround in the near future, the international community will bear a fair share of the blame.
For far too long, the fear of Russian President Vladimir Putin's threats and a possible military escalation through the delivery of fighter jets prevailed among Europeans and Americans — what former German NATO General Heinrich Brauss sarcastically calls "self-deterrence" by the West.
Cracks in Western support
Now the West is suddenly doing a U-turn. Why?
It will be hard to justify the belief that Ukraine could eventually win.
Because, from the Western point of view, Ukraine's upcoming counteroffensive must finally bring the long-awaited verdict.
According to analysis by governments in Washington, London, Berlin and Paris, the attack is likely to be the last major attempt to restore Ukraine's territorial integrity. And because in the coming year, the West would no longer supply weapons in substantial numbers. Ukraine would then be left helplessly at Russia's mercy.
No more substantial arms deliveries after 2024? Why would the West do that? The reason: without a major military success this summer — after recent massive Western arms deliveries — it will be hard to justify the belief that Ukraine could eventually win after all.
The West's own weapons arsenal risks being exhausted at some point, and it doesn't want to jeopardize its defense capabilities. Moreover, the presidential election campaign will be taking place in the United States, and President Joe Biden could face massive pressure from Republicans because of the high spending for the distant country in Eastern Europe.
What happens next
The crucial question remains: what will happen in the Ukraine war as we head toward 2024?
First: neither European nor U.S. top diplomats believe that Ukraine will ever recapture the annexed Crimean Peninsula and the entire Donbass. No one says so openly out of deference to the Ukrainian government. In truth, the West has no serious interest in a reconquest either — NATO fears retaliatory strikes from the Kremlin, which had declared the loss of Crimea a "red line."
Moscow wants to use peace talks with Ukraine also to build a "new world order".
Second, this summer's fighting is likely to have a heavy toll of casualties; military experts expect both sides to wear down. At the same time, the West will realize that it is high time for a ceasefire. Ukraine will be urged to accept a ceasefire and in return will be offered security guarantees, military rearmament and economic aid. This ceasefire could last for many years without a final decision — similar to the case of North and South Korea
Russia will continue to occupy 15 to 20% of Ukraine. Factually, this means defeat for Ukraine — but also for the West, which, with other global aggressors such as China and Iran in mind, was desperate to prevent Moscow from being successful in the war.
Third, Ukraine will not join the EU this decade, probably much later or, at worst, never. This is even more true of its aspirations for NATO membership. The reason for this is the continuing threat from Moscow. It can be assumed that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky sees this danger, which is why he is also pushing for fast-tracking accession.
Fourth, China and Russia will try to reshape the international security order in their own interests, and to this end they will seek additional coalition partners in the Arab world, Southern Africa and Latin America. Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has already announced that Moscow wants to use peace talks with Ukraine also to build a "new world order."
China is calling for the same, with Beijing talking about a new "multipolar world". Overall, the Ukraine war will make the world more insecure and herald the departure from the existing global security order.
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