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Cultural Revolution, FARC Child Soldier Deal, Hottest April


It was 50 years ago today that the Chinese Communist Party and its leader Mao Zedong released a circular that was bound to unleash a decade of violence that would kill more than 1.5 million people. It would come to be known as the Cultural Revolution, and the history books consider it one of the most brutal chapters of the 20th century. But it wasn't until 1981 that Chinese Communist officials recognized the crimes of the fanaticized Student Red Guards, who tortured and killed their own teachers, and of the mobs who would go as far as beating up parents in front of their children. This, it finally acknowledged, had been a "catastrophic decade."

But on its 50th Anniversary, China's lack of any official commemoration of the Cultural Revolution and the apparent shunning of all references to it in the media show that a relatively more open, and less bloody, leadership in Beijing still has serious problems with the darkest parts of its past.

Writing in the Singapore-based Straits Times, Goh Sui Noi delves into the "ghosts of the Cultural Revolution" still haunting its victims and China as a whole. "There has not been any meaningful catharsis," she writes. "At the end of the Cultural Revolution, criticism was allowed for a short period of time because there was a need to repudiate it, observers say. But since then, the government has largely suppressed debate on the period for fear that this undermines its legitimacy." Worse, Goh Sui Noi notes, because there's never been a "full public accounting" of the crimes, "to this day, some of the perpetrators do not believe they did anything wrong."

Given this conspiracy of silence, it should perhaps be no surprise that Maoists are once again on the rise in parts of China among the many who haven't benefited from the country's turn towards market capitalism. Reporting from the ancient city of Luoyang, AP journalist Gerry Shih writes that "nearly every day retired or unemployed workers sing odes to Mao under a billowing Communist Party flag at Zhouwangcheng Plaza. People swarm around a clothesline and squint at dozens of pinned essays condemning the past 30 years of liberalization or positively reappraising the Cultural Revolution." As much as the world wonders about China's future, today is a reminder that its history is never far behind.



The Colombian government and leftist FARC rebels have agreed on a road map for the release of children aged under 15 living in guerilla camps, allowing for their return to civilian life, El Espectador reports. The agreement came less than 72 hours after both sides initiated a new round of peace negotiations in La Havana, Cuba, to bring the five-decade-old conflict to an end.


From Nicolas Sarkozy to Olga Korbut, here's your daily 57-second shot of history.


"If you resist, show violent resistance, my order to police (will be) to shoot to kill. Shoot to kill for organised crime. You heard that? Shoot to kill for every organised crime," Philippines' incoming president Rodrigo Duterte said in his first news conference since winning election on May 9. The tough-talking 71-year-old vowed to reintroduce the death penalty, which was banned in 2006, and to eradicate rampant criminality in his first six months in office. Duterte will be sworn in as president in late June.


A number of French doctors are accused of asking migrants to pay up "hundreds of euros" in cash in exchange for certificates that could help them obtain residence permits on health grounds, Le Parisien reports, citing workers from Cimade, a group that defends the rights of immigrants.


Weighing in on the latest sex scandal to shake up her Green Party and French politics, lawmaker Lucile Schmidt analyzes the lawlessness in France's corridors of power in Le Monde, five years after former French politician Dominique Strauss-Kahn's sexual assault on a hotel maid in New York. "It's stunning to see how women's bodies remain a strong object of desire for our male representatives. This is particularly striking in France, where gender equality is a principle enshrined in the Constitution, where equal pay is guaranteed by law, and where laws established gender parity in politics 15 years ago — legislation that has no real equivalent in Europe.

So, let's ask ourselves the hard question. Could such a thing have happened in a company, or inside the civil services? Probably, but it couldn't have gone on for that long, nor could it have reached the scale it did. This scandal perfectly sums up the insidious nature of a political world in which people rub shoulders with each other for years, and that fosters a sickening dependency."

Read the full article: "Because Of Who I Am" — Sexual Harassment, A Plague In French Politics.


Figures released by NASA show that this year had the hottest April on record globally, extending the number of consecutive months to have established record highs to seven, The Guardian reports. Scientists believe that 2016 might prove to be the hottest year on record, and probably by the largest margin ever. In an alarming report on the potential consequences of climate change, British charity Christian Aid says that one billion people, most of them in Asia, will live in cities "at risk of catastrophic flooding" by 2060.


The outspoken Boris Johnson, a pro-Brexit Conservative and former Mayor of London, told The Daily Telegraph that, like the Nazis, the European Union was attempting to unify Europe under one "authority" despite using "different methods" than Adolf Hitler. "Napoleon, Hitler, various people tried this out, and it ends tragically," Johnson said, urging Britons to be "the heroes of Europe" and save it from itself by voting to leave the EU in a referendum on June 23.



Jamala, the Crimean jazz singer who sang about the deportation of the Crimean Tatars by Soviet authorities in a ballad entitled 1944, won the Eurovision for Ukraine on Saturday. Needless to say, Russia, which came in at third place, didn't like it.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

The Only Path To Peace With Russia? A New Iron Curtain On Ukraine's Eastern Border

With a decisive deal with Putin out of the question, the only way to create a lasting peace is to recreate some fundamental dynamics of the Cold War.

Image of president Joe Biden walking with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in the streets of Kyiv, Ukraine.

President Joe Biden walking with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky down the Walk of the Brave on Constitution Square in Kyiv, Ukraine.

Klaus Geiger


BERLIN — Volodymyr Zelensky was allowed three minutes, but he spoke for 20. In his speech at the G20 summit in November last year, the Ukrainian president laid out, in greater detail than ever before, how peace with Russia can be achieved – and maintained.

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His main point: “Ukraine is not a member of any of the alliances. And Russia was able to start this war precisely because Ukraine remained in the grey zone – between the Euro-Atlantic world and Russian imperialism. Now, we do not have any security assurances either ... We need effective security assurances.”

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz echoed these words in parliament recently. “At the G20 summit, President Zelensky set out his suggestions for how to achieve a lasting, fair peace,” Scholz said. “We will help Ukraine to achieve such a peace. That is why we are talking to Kyiv and other partners about future security assurances for Ukraine.”

Scholz did not specify precisely what kind of “security assurances” he meant. But Zelensky was very specific in his G20 speech.

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