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Cruz & Sanders Win Wisconsin, Slippery Iceland, Virtual Meatballs

Cruz & Sanders Win Wisconsin, Slippery Iceland, Virtual Meatballs

CRUZ’S BIG WIN OVER TRUMP, SANDERS TOPS CLINTON

The Republican party’s improbable presidential frontrunner Donald Trump suddenly looks vulnerable after a stinging double-digit loss to Texas Senator Ted Cruz in the Wisconsin primary. The New York Times reports that by early today Cruz had received 48% of the vote to 34% for Trump. Wisconsin also saw the Democratic race continue to tighten, as challenger Bernie Sanders racked up his sixth straight victory, even as Hillary Clinton continues to hold a commanding lead in the overall delegate count.


PANAMA PAPERS: SLIPPERY ICELAND SPIN

Iceland’s Prime Minister Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson had apparently resigned yesterday amid the uproar of the Panama Papers revelations of offshore accounts. But Gunnlaugsson followed that up by saying his decision had nothing to do with the leaked Panama Papers, and that actually he was just stepping aside for an unspecified amount of time. The leaked documents revealed that Gunnlaugsson’s wife owned an offshore company with substantial claims on Iceland’s crashed banks. Here’s how Icelandic-language daily Fréttablaðið looked this morning. Meanwhile, other revelations continue to pour out around the world:

  • FIFA president Gianni Infantino denies wrongdoing after leaked documents suggested he signed off on a television contract in 2006 with two businessmen who have since been accused of bribery, BBC reports. Infantino says he is "dismayed" and "will not accept" that his integrity is being doubted.
  • The bankrupt Luxembourg investment company Leyne, Strauss-Kahn & Partners (LSK) where former International Monetary Fund chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn was listed as a partner, has helped its customers to create offshore companies in tax havens, Le Monde reports.
  • Panamanian lawyer Ramon Fonseca filed a complaint yesterday after claiming that his firm was a victim of an external hack, Süddeutsche Zeitung reports.
  • Like his counterparts in other countries, Enrico Zanetti, Italy’s Vice Minister for the Economy, said his office is already pursuing information revealed in the Panama Papers to investigate possible tax evasion cases. “Among the 800 Italians with accounts in Panama, there will be some honest taxpayers, Zanetti told Milan-based Corriere della Sera daily. But it doesn’t take much to understand that most of them are tax evaders.”

ON THIS DAY


The first Olympic Games of the Modern era were held on this day in Athens, 120 years ago. That, and more, in your 57-second shot of history.


ZUMA REMAINS IN POWER AFTER VOTE

South African President Jacob Zuma survived a parliamentary impeachment vote yesterday after the country’s high court ruled he had violated the national Constitution in his handling of a lengthy corruption case, South African daily Times Live reports.


WORLDCRUNCH-TO-GO

Worldcrunch welcomes a new partner, Istanbul-based daily Cumhuriyet, whose editor-in-chief Can Dundar has served jail time for helping to lead the battle for freedom of speech in Turkey. The first Cumhuriyet article we’re publishing, by Nurey Mert, takes aim at both the ruling government and an array of opposition groups. “This is the kind of government we have: It is not disturbed by the status of the country â€" on the contrary, it perceives the difficulties that Turkey faces as a solution to its own problems. All of this ‘martyrdom’ propaganda, ‘the red on the flag is the color of blood,’ and ‘dying for the homeland is what makes it real,’ all is used toward that goal. On one hand, it is hard these days to say out loud things such as, ‘No sir, let us not be martyrs but brothers,’ or ‘homeland should be where you are happy to live’ or ‘let the red of the flag be the color of a flower.’”

Read the full article, Turkey Right Now: Awful Government, Awful Opposition.


WAR CRIMES CHARGES DROPPED AGAINST KENYANS

Crimes against humanity charges were dropped yesterday against Kenya’s Deputy President William Ruto and radio executive Joshua Sang as the International Criminal Court found insufficient evidence in a case that has lasted six years, The Daily Nation reports.


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Photo: Michael Coyne/Axiom/ZUMA

According to a World Wildlife Fund report released today, more than half of the 229 World Heritage sites, including Machu Picchu and the Great Barrier Reef (pictured), are threatened by harmful industrial activities like mining or drilling for oil.


POLLS OPEN IN DUTCH REFERENDUM ON EU-UKRAINE DEAL

Voting has begun in the Netherlands in a referendum on a far-reaching free trade deal between Ukraine and the European Union that has run into opposition, as many Dutch citizens perceive it as unwanted EU expansionism, Amsterdam daily De Telegraaf reports.


MY GRAND-PERE’S WORLD



IKEA LAUNCHES VIRTUAL REALITY APP

Swedish retail giant IKEA has announced the launch of their new app Virtual Reality Kitchen that will enable customers to remodel their kitchen through VR goggles, Swedish weekly Resumé reports. The user can choose between different colors and also shrink themselves to see how a child experiences the kitchen. (Spoiler: The meatballs look bigger.)

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Future

7 Ways The Pandemic May Change The Airline Industry For Good

Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.

Ready for (a different kind of) takeoff?

Carl-Johan Karlsson

It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.

More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.


But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:

Cleaner aviation fuel

The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.

While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.

Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.

In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.

Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.

Black-and-white photo of an ariplane shot from below flying across the sky and leaving condensation trails

High-flying ambitions for the sector

Joel & Jasmin Førestbird

Hydrogen and electrification

Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.

One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.

Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.

New aircraft designs

Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.

International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.

The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

commons.wikimedia.org

Hygiene rankings  

Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.

Smoother check-in

​The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.

Data privacy issues

​However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.

Photo of planes at Auckland airport, New Zealand

Auckland Airport, New Zealand

Douglas Bagg

The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?

At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.

Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.

40% of Swedes intend to travel less

According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.

But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.

At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.

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