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As 'Drought' Approaches, Iranians Warned To Conserve Water

In Tehran — Photo: Kamyar Adl

As Iran approaches another long, scorching summer with possible water shortages, the Energy Ministry is telling millions of Iranians to make cautious use of their air-conditioning systems because each could use up to 200 liters of water a day, the newspaper Jaam-e Jam reported.

The Ministry characterized it as “more than the standard” amount of water used by one Iranian every day, and observed that having AC running all day was like adding a person to every household.

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Low water levels near Tehran’s Lar dam — Photo: Alireza Javaheri

Officials regularly warn Iranians about wasting water, gas and electricity. It is not uncommon for a passerby to smell gas leaking from building pipes on buildings during winter, and gas shortages are a recurring theme of official warnings in wintertime. The Ministry urged Iranians to keep their AC's “cooling boxes” (often stuck on walls or placed on roofs) away from the sun, or to buy more efficient systems.

Jaam-e Jam reported that water levels in one of Tehran’s dams had fallen so low that “cars could easily drive inside.” The Lar dam is currently holding 53 million cubic meters of water, compared to 96 at the same time in 2013. Reporters from Fars news agency drove into the dam and observed that boats are now stuck there.

— Ahmad Shayegan

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Future

Injecting Feminism Into Science Is A Good Thing — For Science

Feminists have generated a set of tools to make science less biased and more robust. Why don’t more scientists use it?

As objective as any man

Anto Magzan/ZUMA
Rachel E. Gross

-Essay-

In the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, a mystery played out across news headlines: Men, it seemed, were dying of infection at twice the rate of women. To explain this alarming disparity, researchers looked to innate biological differences between the sexes — for instance, protective levels of sex hormones, or distinct male-female immune responses. Some even went so far as to test the possibility of treating infected men with estrogen injections.

This focus on biological sex differences turned out to be woefully inadequate, as a group of Harvard-affiliated researchers pointed out earlier this year. By analyzing more than a year of sex-disaggregated COVID-19 data, they showed that the gender gap was more fully explained by social factors like mask-wearing and distancing behaviors (less common among men) and testing rates (higher among pregnant women and health workers, who were largely female).

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