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Iran Deal, Greek Doubts, Part-Time Prince

The chief negotiators in Vienna on Tuesday
The chief negotiators in Vienna on Tuesday

HISTORIC DEAL INKED ON IRAN NUCLEAR PROGRAM

After years of on-again, off-again negotiations, Iran and six world powers agreed Tuesday to a deal to halt Iran's nuclear weapons program in exchange for an end to crippling economic sanctions. Together with five negotiating partners, Russia, China, France, UK and Germany, American diplomats had demanded a framework of inspections to ensure that Iran would not have the capacity to recommence its pursuit of nuclear arms. There are provisions that allow for Tehran to continue a civilian nuclear program.

  • Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called the deal "historic," conceding that it "isn't perfect for anyone," but offers all parties the assurances they need. Chief European negotiator Federica Mogherini called the accord a "sign of hope for the entire world," BBC reports.
  • A senior Western negotiator told The New York Times that " all of the main outstanding issues had been resolved, including the thorny question of how many years an embargo on conventional arms shipments into and out of Iran would remain in place." The Times notes that the deal, which still needs approval from a skeptical U.S. Congress, would be the signature diplomatic achievement for both Secretary of State John Kerry and President Barack Obama.
  • Sources tell Le Monde that a continued ban on Iranian import on ballistic missiles and other conventional weapons is key to the larger objective of ensuring no nuclear weapons are being produced, as inspectors need "fewer eyes on less material in fewer locations."
  • Iranian daily the Tehran Timeswrote, "The deal marks a milestone in the history of the Islamic Republic of Iran."
  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who has openly clashed with Washington over the negotiations, called the deal a "bad mistake of historic proportions,"Haaretz reports.

GREEK ACCORD AT RISK

Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras is busy trying to gather support for this week's bailout deal with Eurozone members and Greece's other creditors, even as members of his own Syriza party have openly denounced the accord ahead of a Wednesday vote in Parliament. Greek daily Ekathimerini reports that Tsipras is struggling to cling to his government's majority — turning to support from the opposition as well — after accepting a deal that fails to abide by election promises and includes tough new austerity measures in exchange for the bailout. Greeks rallied Monday night outside Parliament in Athens, urging lawmakers to reject the new demands. Analysts estimate at least 30 out of Syriza's 149 lawmakers are likely to vote against the government. There was some satisfaction and plenty of displeasure elsewhere in Europe over the deal, while global stock markets appear to be settling after Monday's rally in the wake of the 11th hour deal. As all eyes shift to the Greek Parliament, read a profile of arguably the most important person in Europe right now you may have never heard of.


ON THIS DAY


Jane Goodall landed in Tanzania and French citizens stormed the Bastille. Check out four nibblets of the past in today's 57-second shot of history.


DEADLY STAMPEDE AT INDIA RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL

A stampede at a religious festival in southern India early Tuesday has killed and injured dozens of worshipers seeking to bathe in the holy waters of the Godavari river. The death toll is at 27, and expected to rise. The Times of India reports that the stampede broke out two hours after the start of the Maha Pushkaralu festival some people allegedly scaled a wall to enter one of the bathing ghats.


MY GRAND-PÈRE'S WORLD



WORLDCRUNCH-TO-GO

More men than ever do housework and care for kids. But when comparing household behavior of top male and female executives, Süddeutsche Zeitung reports on a German study that shows stark differences that remain between the sexes. "Women in executive roles, for example, very rarely have children who are younger than 3 years old. Only 12% of women in the survey did. But a quarter of all men in executive roles had children below that age. "This indicates that many men in executive roles have another person, often their partner, waiting in the wings, who manages their private life for them," the study concludes. "Such support for women through their partner does not seem to be the case." Read the full article, Surprise, Surprise: Women Executives Still Stuck With Housework.


WILLIAM, A "PART-TIME" PRINCE?

Britain's Prince William apparently shares some of the same challenges as other modern men: balancing work, family and expectations from the outside world. The Independentdaily reports that the future King of England is considering working full-time as an ambulance pilot, putting his official royal duties in the backseat as he also tries to make time to be father to Prince George and Princess Charlotte.


PLUTO'S HEART


The dwarf planet has sent a love note back to Earth via NASA's New Horizons spacecraft, which has travelled more than 9 years and more than 3 billion miles. Pluto's bright, mysterious "heart" is rotating into view — check it out on NASA's website here.

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Society

In Northern Kenya, Where Climate Change Is Measured In Starving Children

The worst drought in 40 years, which has deepened from the effects of climate change, is hitting the young the hardest around the Horn of Africa. A close-up look at the victims, and attempts to save lives and limit lasting effects on an already fragile region in Kenya.

Photo of five mothers holding their malnourished children

At feeding time, nurses and aides encourage mothers to socialize their children and stimulate them to eat.

Georgina Gustin

KAKUMA — The words "Stabilization Ward" are painted in uneven black letters above the entrance, but everyone in this massive refugee camp in Kakuma, Kenya, calls it ya maziwa: The place of milk.

Rescue workers and doctors, mothers and fathers, have carried hundreds of starving children through the doors of this one-room hospital wing, which is sometimes so crowded that babies and toddlers have to share beds. A pediatric unit is only a few steps away, but malnourished children don’t go there. They need special care, and even that doesn’t always save them.

In an office of the International Rescue Committee nearby, Vincent Opinya sits behind a desk with figures on dry-erase boards and a map of the camp on the walls around him. “We’ve lost 45 children this year due to malnutrition,” he says, juggling emergencies, phone calls, and texts. “We’re seeing a significant increase in malnutrition cases as a result of the drought — the worst we’ve faced in 40 years.”

From January to June, the ward experienced an 800 percent rise in admissions of children under 5 who needed treatment for malnourishment — a surge that aid groups blame mostly on a climate change-fueled drought that has turned the region into a parched barren.

Opinya, the nutrition manager for the IRC here, has had to rattle off these statistics many times, but the reality of the numbers is starting to crack his professional armor. “It’s a very sad situation,” he says, wearily. And he believes it will only get worse. A third year of drought is likely on the way.

More children may die. But millions will survive malnutrition and hunger only to live through a compromised future, researchers say. The longer-term health effects of this drought — weakened immune systems, developmental problems — will persist for a generation or more, with consequences that will cascade into communities and societies for decades.

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