The history of space exploration is full of conspiracy theories and a new one is in the making about a country that didn't seem to have any association with space research: the former Yugoslavia.
The country's president for life, Josip Broz Tito, was the subject of much speculation during his lifetime. Many thought he was a spy for the Russians, others suspected he worked for the Americans. And it was under his leadership that in Bosnia, in 1957, construction began on Europes largest underground airport.
The high-security facility called Objekat 505 could even resist nuclear attack. It was said to have cost over $6 billion, which seemed a lot for a mere airport. Was Tito simply extravagant, or was there perhaps more to the site than met the eye?
Houston We Have a Problem is the title of a documentary film by Slovenias Zige Virca, due to be released in early 2013, that gives conspiracy theorists new fodder.
According to Virca, a Croatian-born rocket engineer named Hermann Potocnik published a book in 1929 called The Problem of Space Travel: The Rocket Motor in which he develops concepts for building satellites and space stations. The association for space travel that Wernher von Braun belonged to drew up the space station concept in 1952 based on Potocniks studies.
Stories made the rounds that there was a lot more useful information in Potocniks lost diaries. The CIA had searched for them, but the Yugoslavian security services were faster and thus was the country able to forge their own space program of which Objekat 505 was part and parcel.
By 1961, Tito was thought to have the technology needed to fly to the moon. Because the U.S. under no circumstances wanted to lose the space race with the Soviet Union, Virca says that the Kennedy administration handed over major cash in development funds to Tito in exchange for the Yugoslav space program.
A year later, Kennedy announced that the U.S. would shortly be flying to the moon, and the Americans managed to get there before the Russians did. Meanwhile, Tito traded in his partisan's uniform for elegant tailoring, Yugoslavias economy exploded... and the rest is history.
Read the full story in German by Filip Gaspar
Photo - Wikipedia
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